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SEPTEMBER 18 - ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY

  • 2014 Scottish voters rejected a referendum that would have made Scotland an independent country.
  • 2013 Air France announced it had plans to cut 2,800 jobs after already planning to cut 5,100 jobs. The cuts were being made to help cut costs and turn the company around financially after merging with KLM nearly ten years earlier. 
  • 2012 Louis Simpson, a Pulitzer prize winning poet died at the age of eighty-nine at his home in New York. Simpson was known for making poetry that chronicled the darker side of suburban life. 
  • 2011 Police in Hong Kong raided five different locations across the city and arrested eight people after seizing a record-breaking amount of cocaine. The police seized half a ton of cocaine that had been hidden underneath recycled plastics with a value of 77 million dollars. 
  • 2009 A methane gas build-up explodes more than a kilometer underground in the Wujek-Slask coal mine in Poland and killed twelve miners while injuring another thirty. 
  • 2007 Ukraine announces plans to build a large steel covering over the radioactive site of the Chernobyl disaster, the world’s largest nuclear disaster. The cover is to be built by a French company and will cost $1.4 billion over five years. It is now more than 20 years since the disaster and levels of radiation still make the area uninhabitable.   
  • 2006 Famous Rwandan singer, Simon Bikindi, goes on trial against charges of inciting violence in relation to the 1994 genocide of around 800,000 people. Bikindi pleaded not guilty after being accused of creating music that encouraged young people to join the Interahamwe militia and having connections to the RTLM radio station which was thought to have further encouraged the genocide by distributing “hate media.”
  • 2003 Hurricane Isabel strikes North Carolina's Outer Banks with 105 mph winds and continued up the Eastern Seaboard to West Virginia. The storm claimed 40 lives and left six million people without power. The storm surge from Isabel washed out a portion of Hatteras Island to create what locals called "Isabel Inlet."
  • 2001 For the second straight day, Typhoon Nari pounded Taiwan with record rainfalls, causing massive flooding and killing 79 people.
  • 2000 A public inquiry opens today on the Southall and Ladbroke Grove Rail Crashes with victims and family members accusing Railtrack of putting costs before safety. 
  • 1998 The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is founded
    Author Esther Dyson became the first chairperson of the now non-profit organization, which was initially under the oversight of the U.S. Department of Commerce. In 2009, the Department of Commerce gave up its control over ICANN, which is responsible for maintaining the Domain Name System (DNS) on the Internet.
  • 1995 Hurricane Marilyn batters the Virgin Islands the forth to hit the Caribbean in the last 4 weeks left at least 9 dead and many injured. The government has placed a curfew on the Island and have Marshalls on hand to stop looters. 
  • 1992 During a strike by mineworkers at the Giant Mine in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. Canada a bomb is planted by mine employee Roger Warren 750 feet underground which kills nine strikebreakers. 
  • 1985 President Reagan has stated that the Strategic Defense Weapons ( SDI ) which will only be used to destroy weapons will not part of negotiations on reducing offensive nuclear weapons in the upcoming talks in Geneva. The Russians have responded by stating the US is militarizing space. 
  • 1985 In the continued tit for tat expulsions of diplomats between the UK and Soviet Union , The Soviet Union ordered 6 Britons from the UK embassy to leave the country. This brings the total to 31 expulsions by each side in the last week. 
  • 1978 France has returned deposits to the South African government for two submarines and two frigates due to the sanctions imposed on South Africa against the use of Apartheid. 
  • 1975 Newspaper heiress Patty Hearst is arrested in a San Francisco apartment and arrested for armed robbery. She had been kidnapped from her apartment in Berkeley, California on February 4, 1974 but in April she sent letters to the media saying she was joining the SLA of her own free will and later that month, a surveillance camera took a photo of her participating in an armed robbery of a San Francisco bank making her a wanted criminal by the FBI. 
  • 1973 West Germany adopts the Deutsche Mark
    This action replaced the East German Mark and helped complete the economic reunification part of the union between East and West Germany.
  • 1973 Future President Jimmy Carter files a report with the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), claiming he had seen an Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) in October.
  • 1970 Jimi Hendrix died in London of a suspected drug overdose but the actual cause of death was he had asphyxiated in his own vomit, mainly red wine. Many do not realize that Hendrix did not make it his home country (Born in Seattle, Washington, USA) until he had made it internationally specifically in England and Europe. Only when he appeared at the Monterey International Pop Festival in 1967 did he gain a following in the US. Among the many accolades Hendrix has received, Rolling Stone Magazine named Hendrix the Greatest Guitarist of All Time in 2003. 
  • 1967 Strikes by teaching staff in New York are no closer to a settlement after two weeks with 1.1 million children kept from classes in Public Schools. Striking teachers in Detroit have reached a settlement which will mean 300,000 school children and their teachers will be back in school next week, the agreement gives the teachers $850.00 per year increase for two years and was accepted by the vast majority during the vote. 
  • 1965 Japanese astronomers Ikeya Kaoru and Seki Tsutomu discovered Comet Ikeya-Seki.
  • 1959 Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth's orbit
    The geocentric satellite was launched into Earth's orbit by a Vanguard rocket, built by Glenn L. Martin Company, which is now known as Lockheed-Martin.
  • 1956 Many towns and cities across the US are seeing price wars in filling Stations with prices changing hourly by stations wishing to increase business , the prices during a price war can range between 24.6 cents per gallon and 30.2 cents per gallon. This is great for the consumer who can save as much as 75 cents by shopping around. 
  • 1851 First published by Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones on September 18th, 1851, under the name of the New York Daily Times. 
  • 1948 A local communist commander seized power in Madiun, Indonesia, as part of a rebellion effort against the Sukarno government in an incident known as the Madiun Affair.
  • 1942 The fight for supremacy in the Pacific Ocean is being won by Submarines from the US as yesterday they sank 4 more Japanese Ships and damaged 4 more Japanese Ships. 
  • 1934 USSR joins the League of Nations
    It was expelled just a few years later for its aggressive actions towards Finland.
  • 1933 With the number of very heavy tropical storms this season the Citrus crops in Texas and Florida have now suffered losses ranging from 85% of the grapefruit crop in Texas to 25% of the orange and tangerine crops in Florida. Many are hoping and praying that we have seen the last of this years tropical storms.
  • 1933 Canadian ice hockey coach Scotty Bowman, who won a record nine Stanley Cups as a head coach in the National Hockey League, was born.
  • 1932 By royal decree the dual kingdom of the Hejaz and Najd, along with its dependencies, was unified under the name of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 1905 Actress Greta Garbo—who was best known for her portrayals of strong-willed heroines, most of them as compellingly enigmatic as herself—was born in Stockholm.
  • 1898 British forces under Sir Horatio Herbert Kitchener confronted French forces commanded by Jean-Baptiste Marchand at the disputed fort of Fashoda in the Egyptian Sudan.
  • 1895 Booker T. Washington declared the Atlanta Compromise—a classic statement on race relations—in a speech at the Atlanta (Georgia) Exposition.
  • 1885 Bulgarian nationalists in Eastern Rumelia mounted a coup and declared the province's unification with Bulgaria, leading to the Serbo-Bulgarian War.
  • 1872 Oscar II becomes King of Norway and Sweden
    He succeeded his brother Charles XV and IV
  • 1819 French physicist Jean-Bernard-Léon Foucault, who introduced and helped develop a technique of measuring with extreme accuracy the absolute velocity of light and provided experimental proof that Earth rotates on its axis, was born.

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