2001 War in Afghanistan begins
American and British troops began air strikes against Al Qaeda and Taliban targets after the Taliban refused to hand over Osama bin-Laden, the mastermind of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, and other Al Qaeda operatives, to the United States. Nicknamed Operation Enduring Freedom, the military strikes were part of the so-called Global War on Terror.
1996 Fox News broadcasts for the first time
The 24-hour news channel with the slogan Fair and Balanced was created by Australian-American businessman and media tycoon, Rupert Murdoch. Today, it is one of the most watched news channels in the United States.
1985 Members of the Palestine Liberation Front, a small faction headed by Abu Abbas within the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), hijacked an Italian cruise ship, the Achille Lauro.
1959 People on Earth Get the First Glimpse of the Dark Side of the Moon
Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 took pictures of the far side of the Moon. The images sent by the probe covered about 70% of the far side of Earth’s natural satellite and they were instrumental in helping astronomers make the first atlas of the dark side of the Moon. The far or dark side of the Moon is the side of the Moon that cannot be seen from Earth because of the way the Moon orbits around the Earth and rotate on its own axis. Due to lunar libration, people on Earth can see about 59% of the Moon over time.
1955 Cellist Yo-Yo Ma, who was known for his extraordinary technique and rich tone, was born in Paris.
1952 Russian politician Vladimir Putin, who served as president and prime minister of Russia, was born.
1944 Auschwitz-Birkenau Sonderkommando Revolt
The short-lived rebellion was staged by prisoners who worked at a crematorium after they learned that the Nazis planned to execute most of the squad. The revolt was quickly put down, and over 450 people were killed.
1934 Playwright, poet, novelist, and essayist Amiri Baraka, who wrote of the experiences and anger of African Americans, was born.
1919 KLM is formed
The official airline of the Netherlands, Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V. or KLM, is the oldest airline that still operates under its original name. The first flight of the airline took place on May 17, 1920 between London and Amsterdam in a leased airplane.
1849 American short-story writer, poet, and critic Edgar Allan Poe died in Baltimore, Maryland.
1826 The Granite Railway, the first chartered railroad in the United States, began service.
1780 American forces defeated British loyalists at the Battle of Kings Mountain during the American Revolution.
1765 The Stamp Act Congress convened in New York City to frame resolutions of “rights and grievances” of the American colonies.
1763 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement
1737 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India
1571 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece