2007 First successful human powered attempt to circumnavigate the world
Englishman Jason Lewis set out on the journey, also called Expedition 360 on July 12, 1994, from Greenwich, London. The over 46,000-mile expedition around the world took him 4,833 days, during which he used only human-powered modes of transportation including bicycles, roller blades, and a pedal powered boat.
2000 Near Sakaiminato, Japan, an earthquake of magnitude 7.3 struck, the most powerful earthquake since the devastating Kōbe earthquake of 1995, but damage and casualties were relatively low because the epicentre was in a sparsely inhabited area.
1995 First exoplanet orbiting a Sun-like star discovered
Swiss astronomers Didier Queloz and Michel Mayor announced the discovered the exoplanet called 51 Pegasi B or Bellerophon. The Jupiter-like exoplanet orbits a star called 51 Pegasi, which has a magnitude of 5.49. 51 Pegasi B takes 4.23 Earth days to orbit around its star.
1993 Michael Jordan retired from professional basketball, saying “I don't have anything else to prove,” only to return in March 1995.
1981 Assassination of Anwar Sadat
The third president of Egypt, Sadat was killed by members of the terrorist group Takfir Wal-Hajira during a parade held to commemorate the 8th anniversary of Operation Badr - a military operation where Egyptian forces crossed the Suez Canal and overran the Bar Lev Line in Israel. The military operation stated the Yom Kippur War between Israel and a coalition of Arab states. The assassination is thought to be a result of Sadat’s efforts to bring peace to the region which started with the Camp David Accords in 1978.
1976 Coup in Thailand
Admiral Sangad Chaloryu staged a coup ousting the civilian government of Seni Pramoj.
1976 In China the Gang of Four, having lost their influence with the death of Mao Zedong, were arrested.
1956 Dr Albert Sabin discovers oral polio vaccine
1951 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb
1948 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial fossil skull of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans on Rusinga Island, Kenya
1948 The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
1939 Adolf Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem
1927 The Jazz Singer, starring Al Jolson, premiered in New York City, introducing the sound era of motion pictures.
1917 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides
1908 Bosnian crisis
Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declared the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which had been nominally under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. The takeover raised tensions within the Balkan region in Europe and threatened to end in a war.
1892 The great English poet of the Victorian Age, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, died.
1849 Thirteen Hungarian generals, “the martyrs of Arad,” were executed for their role in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848–49.
891 Formosus was elected pope.
105 BCE he Roman army was defeated by Germanic tribes in the Battle of Arausio.